Please consider registering
Forum Scope


Forum Options

Minimum search word length is 3 characters - maximum search word length is 84 characters
Register Lost password?
sp_Feed sp_PrintTopic sp_TopicIcon
Winchester 1890 with Many Questions, Who's Russ?
sp_NewTopic Add Topic
WACA Member
Forum Posts: 2126
Member Since:
May 23, 2009
sp_UserOfflineSmall Offline
September 12, 2022 - 1:29 pm
sp_Permalink sp_Print sp_QuotePost

86Win said
the 1910 census lists Leander J Russell occupation (foreman assembling repeating guns). The transcriber couldn’t read so listed him as working in a printing shop. Totally incorrect. I blew it up many percent to read correctly. By 1920 census he is listed as no occupation (retired)? Born in Nov 1848 he is now near 72. Don

The 1915 New Haven Directory lists him as “Foreman W.R.A.Co.” The next New Haven directory I can find is from 1919 and only lists his address and no occupation. So I would gather he retired sometime between 1915-1918.



Kingston, WA
Forum Posts: 14033
Member Since:
April 15, 2005
sp_UserOfflineSmall Offline
September 13, 2022 - 2:48 am
sp_Permalink sp_Print sp_QuotePost

A fellow by the name of T. Heere took his place in 1916 based on the entries I have observed in the Single Shot ledger records.


WACA 6571L, Historian & Board of Director Member

Location: 32000' +
Forum Posts: 2106
Member Since:
July 17, 2012
sp_UserOfflineSmall Offline
September 13, 2022 - 10:10 am
sp_Permalink sp_Print sp_QuotePost

Yes, I agree about Heere although I believe he was already working in the Assembly Room prior to that.

Best Regards,

WACA Life Member #6284 - Specializing in Pre-64 Winchester .22 Rimfire


Forum Posts: 1178
Member Since:
December 30, 2011
sp_UserOfflineSmall Offline
September 13, 2022 - 10:30 am
sp_Permalink sp_Print sp_QuotePost

There’s an article in the Spring 2018 magazine about TE Addis written by Henry Brewer, along with the story of Addis in Mexico from the Winchester Record.  Not sure about the production figures given, but this is how Brewer described Russell joining Winchester (at the end).  The short biography of Mason in the Summer 2022 magazine also lists Mason as joining Winchester in 1882:

Notwithstanding all of his peculiarities, Colonel Addis was a man to be liked. He was a large factor in the growth of the Winchester Co. and was respected as such. When it was impossible to make the production of guns equal the sales in the early part of 1881, it seemed necessary to make a change in superintendents to speed production. Colonel Addis, who was in the confidence of Mr. Converse and Mr. Bennett, said to them “I know where the man is you want; if you can get him, he will fix you all right.” He was told to go and get him. The man he sought was in Belchertown, Mass. His name was Jefferson M. Clough. He had been with E. Remington and Sons at Ilion, New York, for sixteen years, during twelve of those years as superintendent. They had the same difficulties as to production and he had increased their output from 150 rifles a day to 1,200. Colonel Addis said to him “I have come for you.” Mr. Clough refused to consider the proposition at first because, as he said, he had retired from gunmaking to the farm on which he was born and which his father had left him. Colonel Addis declined to accept “No” as an answer and on the third day Mr. Clough said “Yes,” but with the proviso that he was to be superintendent in fact as well as in name. There were several divisions of the shop whose heads had been more or less independent. John Gardner, with his cartridge work was one, but they had to come into line.

When Mr. Clough came to New Haven the gun production was 200 guns per day and the Company was selling 300 to 400 per day. In the spring of 1882, Mr. Clough sent for William Mason, who had been with E. Remington but was then at Colt’s in Hartford. Mr. Mason became the Master Mechanic and many of our machines and mechanical devices were the product of his ingenuity and inventiveness. He also did much in the development of new guns and the improvement of old guns. “Bill” Mason was one of the finest men that ever lived. Mr. Bennett said of him when he died “There is a man.” Mr. Clough had difficulties in getting the needed production through Mr. Munson who was in charge of the assembly work. (There were a number of men in the assembly room who had periodical attacks of “Malaria.”) Clough sent to Ilion for Leander J. Russell. “Russ” came in 1882. Teamwork brought production in ten years to an average of 1,200 guns a day without any large increase in the time or machinery.


Here’s an interesting record for a Model 1895 that eventually went to Heere in assembly:

S/N 45655

Rifle, 40/72, Octagon, Plain,

received: July 11, 1904, to Heere, received: Dec. 11, 1912, Musket, 30-06 Rim, N.R.A., Not stamped, shipped: Dec. 11, 1912, #497770.


Brad Dunbar


Forum Timezone: UTC 0
Most Users Ever Online: 778
Currently Online: twobit, tionesta1, Nevada Paul
Guest(s) 77
Currently Browsing this Page:
1 Guest(s)
Top Posters:
clarence: 5700
1873man: 5516
TXGunNut: 4550
Chuck: 4243
steve004: 4075
twobit: 2975
Maverick: 2126
Big Larry: 2071
TR: 1569
Forum Stats:
Groups: 1
Forums: 16
Topics: 11872
Posts: 102884


Member Stats:
Guest Posters: 1638
Members: 12501
Moderators: 4
Admins: 3