Dates:

  • Model Year
  • Patent Dates
  • Polishing Room Serialization Record Books (manufactured date)
  • Received in the warehouse date
  • Shipped from the warehouse date
  • “Parts Bin” Concept
  • “Work Order” Number
  • Pre-1899 versus Post-1898  (antique vs. modern)
  • Pre-’64 versus Post-‘63

Types:

  • Rifle
  • Carbine
  • Musket
  • Spanish Musket
  • Short Rifle
  • Baby Carbine or Trapper
  • Shotgun
  • Smooth bore
  • Line throwing gun
  • Models (Receiver style variations) –  First Model, Second Model, etc.

Numbers and Markings:

  • Serial Number
  • “A” & “B” Suffix
  • “L” serial number prefix
  • Assembly Number
  • Fitters’, Assemblers’, and Inspectors’  numbers & marks
  • Winchester “W” mark
  • Martial Markings
  • Proof Marks
  • Barrel Address
  • Tang Markings
  • K.S.M. (Kelly S. Morse)  government inspector

Engraving:

  • Factory vs. Non-Factory or  “Outside” Engraving
  • Factory Engravers – Hoggson,  Nimschke, Ulrich (Conrad, Herman,  John, Alden), Stokes, Gough,
  • Lockwood Sanford
  • Signed
  • Styles
  • Relief Engraving
  • $2.50 worth of engraving
  • Inscription

Tang:

  • Upper
  • Lower

Wood:

  • Forend
  • Forearm
  • Fore Stock
  • Handguard
  • Stock
  • Butt stock
  • Pistol Grip
  • Round Knob
  • Semi Pistol Grip
  • Heel
  • Wrist
  • Comb
  • Whelen Fluted Comb
  • Length of Pull
  • Drop
  • Inletting
  • “Proud” of the metal
  • Checkering (H & I patterns)
  • Carved (A – F patterns)
  • Walnut
  • Dense Walnut
  • Gumwood
  • Rosewood
  • Birdseye Maple
  • Deluxe
  • Fancy Wood – x, xx, xxx, xxxx
  • Presentation Grade
  • Extra Finish
  • Straight (plain) grain
  • Tiger striped
  • Flame grain
  • Figuring
  • Burl
  • Oil Finish
  • Varnish Finish
  • Piano Finish
  • Original Finish
  • Refinish
  • Sanded
  • Repair
  • Henry Bump

Barrel:

  • Chamber
  • Crown
  • Muzzle
  • Length – how to measure
  • Octagon
  • Round
  • ½ Octagon (Part Round)
  • Matted
  • Heavy
  • Extra Heavy, Bull or Buffalo barrel
  • Tapered
  • Rapid Taper
  • Pencil
  • Light weight
  • Short

Magazine:

  • Full mag
  • Half Mag
  • ⅔ Mag
  • ¾ Mag
  • Button Mag
  • Cartridge Count Mag
  • Special Mag
  • Box Mag

 

Condition (Metal):

  • % of Original Blue Coverage
  • Thinning Blue
  • Color Tone – Bright Blue, Blue, Brown, Patina, Silver, Mottled Appearance, Clean metal, Nickeled Appearance, Early Case Hardened, Color Case Harding, Vivid Case Colors
  • Forging Marks
  • File Marks
  • Bonze – Butterscotch Patina, dark mustard color, crystal lattice, cleaned, polished.
  • Buggered Screws
  • Peened Screws
  • Replaced Screws
  • Bore – Bright, shiny, frosty, dark, pitted, ringed
  • Rifling – sharp, clean, weak, shot-out
  • Pitting
  • Edge Wear
  • Original
  • Numbers Match
  • Tinkered-with
  • Outside work
  • Breaking the “seal”
  • Original Crud
  • It Flows
  • Touched-up with Cold Blue
  • Truth Serum
  • Cement Mixer Grade
  • Fence Post
  • Coffin Handle

Metal Components & Mechanical Assemblies:

  • Receiver (frame)
  • Bronze (gun metal) Frame
  • Iron Frame
  • Forged Steel Frame
  • Solid Frame
  • Take Down Frame
  • Action
  • Chamber
  • Caliber
  • Cartridge Elevator
  • Lever
  • Hammer
  • Side Plates
  • Toggles
  • Flat Spring
  • Coil Spring
  • Timing Springs
  • Timing Screws
  • Barrel band
  • Forend band
  • Magazine retaining band or “hanger”
  • Forend tip
  • Follower
  • Follower Stop
  • Spring guide
  • Loading gate (Spring Cove) – flat, conical
  • Loading sleeve
  • Dust (mortise) cover
  • Sling Swivel
  • Screw Eyes
  • Sling hooks
  • Sling
  • Saddle Ring or Sling Ring
  • Bayonet lug
  • Saber bayonet
  • Angular bayonet
  • Scabbard
  • Firing pin
  • Center fire
  • Rim fire
  • Conversion to Center fire
  • Forend cap
  • Butt plate – crescent, rifle, carbine, shot gun, hard rubber, Swiss, Schuetzen (Helm, Laudensack)
  • Trap door

Cleaning Rods:

  • Three Piece – Carbine
  • Four Piece – Rifle
  • Five Piece – Musket
  • Wooden Rod – Henry
  • Steel & Brass Rod – Henry

Sights:

  • Front
  • Rear
  • Tang
  • Vernier
  • Receiver
  • Windage Adjustable
  • Graduations
  • Military style (Buffington, Hotchkiss, Krag M1901, etc.)
  • Blade
  • Bead (brass, copper, gold, ivory, silver, tin)
  • Rocky Mountain
  • Buckhorn
  • Flat top
  • Elevator
  • Knife Blade
  • Ivory
  • Coin Silver
  • German Silver
  • Platinum & Aluminum Inlay or insert
  • Hood
  • Winchester & Other Manufacturers (Lyman, King, Marbles, Sheard)

Standard Features versus Special Order Features

Documentation:

  • Cody Letter
  • Madis Letter – inspection, description & certification
  • BATF Letter
  • Springfield Research Letter
  • Provenance
  • Historical Documents

Valuation:

  • Condition Rarity
  • Desirability
  • Originality
  • Rarity