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Model 74 documentation
January 16, 2017
5:33 am
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Received a Model 74 rifle that has been in the family for several generations and am seeking documentation since we are unfamiliar with its care and feeding (other than do no dry fire it).   Although I am pretty good with searches, I have only located a parts diagram/blowup.   Does any know of a source for documentation?

January 16, 2017
6:54 am
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kenneth schaudt said
Received a Model 74 rifle that has been in the family for several generations and am seeking documentation since we are unfamiliar with its care and feeding (other than do no dry fire it).   Although I am pretty good with searches, I have only located a parts diagram/blowup.   Does any know of a source for documentation?  

Hi Kenneth,

Yes, there are some sources for information depending upon exactly what type of information you are looking for.  If you would like to know the date the serial  number was applied and it was born as a firearm you can contact the Cody Firearms Record Office as they have the polishing room records for when the serial number was applied for numbers 123349-736739.  There will also be a 2 digit year date on the underside of the barrel near the receiver.

If you are looking for a takedown and gunsmith guide, Radocy makes one for the 74.

http://www.ebay.com/itm/TAKEDOWN-MANUAL-GUIDE-WINCHESTER-74-SEMI-AUTO-RIFLE-/252701639044?hash=item3ad6310184:g:fU0AAOSwm8VUyvTb

If you are looking for a Winchester manual as supplied with the 74 they are available most of the time on eBay, either new or reproduction. 

http://www.ebay.com/itm/Winchester-Model-74-Owners-Manual-Reproduction-/361880387575?hash=item5441c07ff7:g:zL8AAOSw241YessG

If you are looking for other specific information we can probably answer it here, we just need to know your serial number (or approximate number) and if it is .22 short or .22 LR.

In all cases however DO NOT manually cock the bolt with the safety engaged!  Doing so could possibly jam the bolt.  Winchester supplied a warning card with new 74's describing this issue.

74Caution.jpgImage Enlarger

The 74 is a great reliable semi-auto and is one of my favorites.  Again, let us know what you are specifically looking for and we will help.

Regards,

 
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January 16, 2017
4:18 pm
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Many thanks for the suggestion.   

Serial number is 377298A, dates back to about 1954.

After discovering that most 3rd party manuals for the Model 1897 shotgun provided no information on the solid frame version, I am cautious about obtaining any manuals without being able to see them or the table of contents first.

What am I looking for?   Since neither of us have touched a firearm in 40+years, we need all the guidance on operating, cleaning etc that a novice should have.   Haven't been able to find the Radocy guide here in Houston to look at so I am not sure if it is what we need.  

Would  the Radocy manual for the 74 meet our needs?   If so, , I'll order a copy.

Has anyone seen the factory instructions online?   

Did find the hang tag and the warnings about dry firing the 74 which was a good start.

A specific question.  Is there any way to leave the action open (if that is the right way of saying this) to indicate that the chamber is empty?

January 16, 2017
8:15 pm
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Hi Kenneth,

I do not own the Radocy manual so I cannot attest to it's quality but it is about the only manual available for the Model 74.  There is also a brief section in one of the NRA books which shows an exploded diagram and basic take-down instructions.

In reality, field stripping the 74 for cleaning and inspection is very easy with only a couple of minor pitfalls to watch out for.

The first step is to remove the bolt which is accomplished by pressing the "button" at the back of the receiver over sideways.  This allows the bolt to be drawn out the rear of the receiver.  With the bolt removed the barrel can be cleaned from the breech end with a cleaning rod or bore snake.

To remove the barreled action from the stock you must remove the inner magazine tube located in the butt stock.  Simply rotate it and draw it completely out of the tube.  Then you can use a coin (penny) and loosen the take-down screw on the underside of the forearm and this will allow you to separate the barreled receiver from the stock.  At this point you should take care as there are 2 springs in the stock that can become dislodged and lost.  One is the trigger spring which is hooked under the trigger and is very obvious.  The second is a small spring located under the magazine tube and recessed in the stock which is not as obvious.  If it becomes dislodged or lost the rifle will not feed properly.  That is as far as the normal strip-down for cleaning goes.  You should be able to use que-tips and toothpicks to get into all the nooks and crannies from that point.

Unfortunately the bolt does not lock in the open position.  To check the chamber point the muzzle in a safe direction (as always) and retract the bolt while looking directly into the ejection port.  Be aware that it is possible for a cartridge to hang-up in the butt stock magazine tube so after emptying the magazine I always cycle the bolt by opening and closing vigorously several times while checking the chamber to be safe.

Hope that helps.

Regards,

WACA Member #6284 - Specializing in Pre-64 Winchester .22 Rimfire

January 16, 2017
11:44 pm
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That is a big help and covers most of the matters.   I'll probably spend a few coins and get the two manuals off EBAY.

January 17, 2017
2:15 am
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Feel free to post any questions or concerns as you get into the 74 as we always love to discuss Winchesters!

Good luck with your project and enjoy your rifle.

Regards,

WACA Member #6284 - Specializing in Pre-64 Winchester .22 Rimfire

July 4, 2017
4:33 pm
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Bob W
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owners manual can be obtained by calling Winchester with serial # & they will send you one free of charge.

December 10, 2017
5:49 pm
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davethedemon
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it appears i noticed too late the warning not to cock the bolt with the safety engaged. now the bolt won't come out of the action. any advice?

December 11, 2017
12:02 am
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davethedemon said
it appears i noticed too late the warning not to cock the bolt with the safety engaged. now the bolt won't come out of the action. any advice?  

Yes, my advice is DON'T DO THAT, it will jam-up the bolt. Wink

There is a straight wire spring under the safety tab that provides tension for the detent "click" when sliding the safety right and left.  It is this spring that gets caught/jammed when cocking the bolt with the safety engaged.

There is no easy/gentle way to solve the problem (hence the warnings from Winchester).  What needs to happen is the safety needs to be moved back to the fire position so the rifle can be uncocked (by pulling the trigger).  What most people do is tap/smack the safety back to the fire position with a plastic hammer/mallet.  Since the safety tab will have to override the jammed spring it sometimes needs quite a heavy blow to accomplish the task.  If/when you get it back to the fire position and de-cock the rifle then you can remove the bolt and replace the now mangled/bent safety spring.  This method also runs the risk of damaging/bending the safety tab so make sure the blow is inline with the safety dovetail slot on the receiver and not angled upwards or downwards.

I am not advocating beating on the rifle with a hammer but just passing on what others have done to recover from the problem.  Hopefully your chamber is empty or it will complicate the procedure.

Keep us posted on your results.

Regards,

WACA Member #6284 - Specializing in Pre-64 Winchester .22 Rimfire

December 13, 2017
8:54 pm
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davethedemon
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Thanks for the additional info- my issue was not the safety being jammed or stuck- it would move freely. The 'button' would click but the bolt would only move maybe 1/2 inch, then no more. I fiddled with it some more & sprayed it with lube- it finally released & I was able to remove the bolt. No hammering involved! Thanks again for the response.

December 14, 2017
1:13 pm
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Glad you were able to get it resolved peacefully!

While you have the bolt out check the firing pin, they sometimes break and can cause the bolt to hang-up like you describe.  The firing pin is very long and when it breaks into 2 pieces it is not readily apparent and the gun will still function most of the time except for an occasional sticky bolt.

Regards,

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June 20, 2018
2:13 am
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JWA said
Hi Kenneth,

....  Be aware that it is possible for a cartridge to hang-up in the butt stock magazine tube so after emptying the magazine I always cycle the bolt by opening and closing vigorously several times while checking the chamber to be safe.

Hope that helps.

Regards,  

I should have stenciled this warning onto the stock. When I left the range recently, I pulled the tube, emptied it and the chamber.  didn't inspect the tube before replacing it.  Cycled once, checked the chamber and put an empty cartridge in to hold the action open.  Ended up putting a hole in the chair next to me when I cleaned it.  Must have had a cartridge hung up in the tube which freed when I cycled the action again.  

June 20, 2018
2:15 am
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Our Model 74 is marked 22LR on the barrel.  Can we use 22 LR magnums?

June 22, 2018
8:56 am
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If it is marked .22 LR then Long Rifle ammunition is what you have to use.

February 27, 2019
10:47 pm
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JamesD058
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22 LR Magnums? No such thing! There is 22 Magnum or 22 Winchester Magnum. But ".22 LR" is just that! 

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